A Customer Opinion about Off-Grid Solar Power- for the better Rural India.
As India observed Independence Day on Friday, August fifteenth, it will carried with it a past filled with battle, strife, and triumph. It is sure that India has made considerable progress in the a long time since it picked up autonomy, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made guarantees since he took office in May to enhance the employments of the Indian individuals. However, in a nation where many live underneath the neediness line and where more than 300 million individuals still need access to a dependable power source, enhancing the general personal satisfaction while building a solid economy and shielding the nation from the effects of environmental change is no simple assignment.
Luckily, solar power is revealing some insight towards enhancing the troublesome existences of rustic groups by expanding clean vitality. Absence of access to modern system of vitality in the provincial regions is a noteworthy boundary to comprehensive development of the nation. Extensive quantities of families utilize different fuel for cooking and lighting necessities.
In the past five years, off-grid solar power as a strategy of rural electrification has become a popular idea — and for a good reason. More than one billion people remain without electricity today, many of them in remote rural communities far from the national electric grid. At the same time, the rapid decrease in the price of solar panels has created new opportunities for commercial off-grid electrification.
While off-grid solar power is far from replacing grid extension as the main mode of rural electrification, it can no longer be dismissed as a trivial strategy. In Bangladesh, for example, more than three million solar home systems have been installed for residential use. Companies such as OMC Power in India and Off-Grid: Electric in Tanzania have secured major commercial investments into their businesses.
But what are these companies delivering? As a first step to answering this question, I and my collaborators (Aklin, Bayer, Harish) conducted a survey of the rural customers of Mera Gao Power (MGP) in the Barabanki district of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
MGP is a company that provides villagers with two bright LED lights and a mobile charger in exchange for a monthly payment of 100 rupees. In a randomized controlled trial funded by the International Growth Centre and SPEED India, we evaluate the demand for MGP service and its socio-economic effects. The customer survey is an initial effort to understand what MGP is achieving through its work.
The survey report is available on my website. The most important observations about the consumer experience can be summarized as follows:
• By far the most common reason for subscription was the improved quality of lighting. In contrast, mobile charging and fuel expenditures were much less important.
• The most common use of MGP lights was outdoor lighting. In a typical household, one of the two lights was placed outside at night.
• Overall, households were satisfied with MGP service. The main complaint was the behaviour of MGP staff, suggesting that further training could improve customer experience
• Willingness to pay for additional services, such as a fan or a television, was low.
These discoveries are intriguing for a few reasons. To start with, they demonstrate that the every now and again referred to profit of lessened lamp fuel use is not a noteworthy explanation behind embracing sunlight based power. Rather, rustic clients need enhanced lighting. This is imperative since a great part of the talk on the advantages of sunlight based power has concentrated on fuel reserve funds. Our involvement with the MGP benefit proposes, rather, that the key favourable position of sun based power is basically better lighting.
Second, MGP appears to have received the ideal administration bundle. There is little interest for extra administrations even among clients. While this outcome may at first seem astounding, it is critical to recall that MGP clients are among the most denied families in provincial India. Wealthier provincial family units, who might have the capacity to pay for a fan, have a tendency to live in as of now charged homes.
A test for extending MGP’s effect is request. In towns drew nearer by MGP, just a single fifth of family units embraced sun based innovation. Decreasing the cost promote either through government endowment or less costly innovation would likely help, as cost and the absence of discretionary cash-flow were normal clarifications for not subscribing to the administration among the overview respondents.
By and large, be that as it may, the outcomes from this review are empowering. They demonstrate that, even in the poorest towns, numerous families will pay for good lighting. Organizations, for example, MGP are giving a profitable lighting answer for supplant lamp fuel in groups where lattice power is not accessible.